Wednesday, February 06, 2013
The United States of Europe? No!
Daniel Hannan, The New Road to Serfdom: A Letter or Warning to
. America New York: HarperCollins, 2010. 200 pages,
with index, $24.99. Reviewed by Douglas Groothuis.
Christians, as salt and light in society, should be deeply concerned about the moral and political direction of their nation (Matthew 5:13-16). As Jeremiah said, God’s people should seek the welfare of the city to which they are exiled (Jeremiah 29:7; see also 1 Peter 1). Although we are “exiles” on earth before God restores all things (Revelation 21-22), we are still called to cultivate and develop the creation (Genesis 1:26) as well disciplining the nations according to Jesus Christ’s matchless teachings (Matthew 28:18-20). Part of the Christian’s duty as both a citizen of heaven and of earth is to gain the best possible insights into the history, meaning, and possibilities for one’s own nation. In this, Daniel Hannan can help us immensely.
While on the floor of the European Parliament in 2009, Hannan eloquently denounced British Prime Minister Gordon Brown’s liberal policies. A video of his performance went viral on the Internet, thus acquainting millions of Americans to a principled and courageous politically conservative voice from
Although Hannan does not wax very theological in this short, crisp, and
insightful book, his warning to America
is deeply rooted in the Judea-Christian tradition. Perhaps the most telling
theological comments Hannan makes sums up the genius of this tradition: “it
needs to be remembered that Man is fallen” (10). Knowledge of this truth
protects civil governments from utopian aspirations and the statist
superstition that human nature can be regenerated by political effort.
Hannan’s thesis is that with the election of Barack Obama as President in 2008,
America has moved radically toward
European political ideals and therefore away from its founding heritage. Hannan
warns that “The United States is Europeanizing its health care system, its tax
rates, its day care, its welfare rules, its approach to global warming, its
foreign policy, its federal structure, its unemployment rate” (xvi). By so
doing, we are risking the integrity of our unique identity in the world.
“Europeanization is incompatible with the vision of the founders and the spirit
of the republic. Americans are embracing all the things their ancestors were so
keen to get away from: high taxes, unelected bureaucrats, pettifogging rules”
Like many British writers, Hannan possesses an urban wit and an astute sense for history. He convincingly argues that
founding ideals were largely borrowed England,
the very nation America
revolted against in 1776. Many Englishmen did not support the war, and it was
not fought with great determination. Further, England
generally embraced America
after the war, and the United States
have been strong military allies through the years. For these reasons, Hannan
feels a keen kinship with America,
and desires that it stay true to its founding ideals.
The American difference rests in a brilliant and sturdy constitution which requires federalism (a limited federal government that gives freedom to the states and individual citizens), the separation of powers, and which ensures both rights and liberties to its citizens.
greatness should matter to everyone, argues Hannan, since “the promise of the
U.S. Constitution didn’t simply serve to make Americans free. It also drove
your fathers to carry liberty to other continents” (118). If America loses
its exceptionalism, the whole world suffers.
Hannan has in-depth experience with both British politics and that of the European Union, a multi-national bureaucracy that has little respect for the popular will of the citizens of its constitutive states, which favors socialist welfare state over liberty, prosperity, and opportunity, and which mandates “global governance” and supra-nationalism over the sovereignty of individual nations. In a particularly profound chapter called, “Don’t Copy Europe,” Hannan warns that we should not copy
Europe’s model of the
centralized, command economy, given its excessive regulations, inability to
motivate workers and produce new jobs. Nor should we Europeanize health care,
given the abysmal record of England’s
inefficient and bureaucratically sclerotic socialized system. We should shun the
European model of welfare as well, since it makes no distinction between the
deserving and undeserving poor, undercuts responsibility, and generates
resentment. Our sense of society should not be inspired by Europe
either, because “as the state has expanded, society has dwindled” (100).
Functions traditionally given to families—such as health, education, day care,
and the provision for the elderly—are assumed by the state. “So, it is perhaps
no surprise that the family itself, in Europe,
in is decline” (101). Europe’s recent record
on immigration and its abandonment of federalism is equally undeserving of
Americans should aspire to something far better than serfdom. Hannan can help teach us how. Let Christians listen and learn and act accordingly.